During the early post-Taliban years, the town of Nowzad was thriving, with a well visited bazaar and the possibility of a school to be built by the United Nations. By 2007 however, the civilian population, of an estimated 10,000 people, fled after being driven out by the returning Taliban insurgents.
In the years following, Nowzad became a ghost town with British, Gurkha, and Estonian forces managing to maintain a stalemate in the region. Nowzad became one of the most bitterly contested districts since British forces first moved into Helmand in 2006.
In 2016 Nowzad was under Taliban control.